Miniature American Eskimo

Miniature American Eskimo’s are very loving and affectionate, and make great pets for families with children. The American Eskimo Dogs are also commonly known as Eskie. The American Eskimo is a loyal and friendly family dog that many families adore.

If you have an active family, or children that like to play a lot, especially outside, then an Eskie could be the perfect dog for your family. Eskies always have energy to run around or play and are always ready for anything. They do best with active families and families with yards they can play in. 

Because Eskies are not aggressive they are good dogs for children that have had bad experiences with dogs. They are very protective of their family, and while they don’t bite, they can be very convincing that they might to strangers.

Smart and intelligent, the Eskies are quick learners. They are alert and can be great watchdogs. They can bark loudly if they hear any unexpected sounds. Because they are a smarter dog breed they can learn tricks that other dogs can’t. Eskies can be a lot of fun because of what they can be trained to do.

Are you ready for a ball of furry fun for your family?

a Miniature American Eskimo that's ready to play!

Miniature American Eskimo Information

  • Average Height: 12 to 15 inches
  • Average Length: 13 to 16.5 inches
  • Average Weight: 10 to 20 pounds
  • Coat Type: Medium length
  • Coat Appearance: They have a fluffy double-coat with a short and dense undercoat and long outer coat
  • Coat Colors: White; White and biscuit cream
  • Grooming Needs: Medium
  • Shedding: Medium Shedding
  • Brushing Requirements: They need to be brushed two times a week.
  • Sensitive to Touch: With family members no
  • Excessive Barking: Yes
  • Good tolerance to Heat and Cold: Yes
  • Good Pet: They are loyal and love being around the owners, so yes!
  • Safe with Children: Yes
  • Good with Other Dogs: Yes
  • Good with Other Pets: Yes
  • Suitable to live in an Apartment: Yes
  • Suitable for First-Time Dog Owners: Yes
  • Training: They are easy to train
  • Exercise Needs: High
  • Weight Gain: High
  • Health Concerns: Hip dysplasia, Legg-calves-Perthes disease, Progressive retinal atrophy, and Juvenile cataracts
  • Allergies: None
  • Average Life Span: 13 to 15 years
a Miniature American Eskimo walking up to its owner

Physical Appearance of Miniature American Eskimos

Besides miniature, they have two more sizes – Toy and Standard. All of them have a muscular and well-built body. 

They have a wedge-shaped head that has a fox-like appearance. The Eskies have a moderately long neck with a muscular and straight back. They have a deep chest that extends to the elbows. The tail is set high and usually curls over onto their back but may extend out behind them when they are resting, playing or running.

They have oval-shaped eyes that are a shade of chocolate brown. The ears are triangular, rounded at the tip, and stand erect. Their snout is broad and bright white like the rest of their body with a brown or black nose. 

The Eskies have a fluffy double-coat. They have an undercoat that is short and dense while the outer coat is long and straight. The hair around their neck is fluffy and thicker than the rest of their fur. The fur on their tail is dense and long. 

Most Eskies have a pure white coat but some can have a white coat with a slight biscuit cream texture. The color of their skin under their fur is either pink or gray.

Temperament of Miniature American Eskimos

American Eskimos are happy and smart dogs. They are loyal and love being with their owners. They are known as great companion dogs because of their friendly personalities. The Eskie is a very active dog, always looking to do activities like playing, going for walks, or anything different from their everyday experiences.

They make excellent watchdogs because they are alert and protective. The Eskies are suspicious of strangers and will bark loudly anytime they see new people. Even though they will bark loudly, they are generally not aggressive to anyone.

They are very energetic and need exercise and activities everyday to burn off their extra energy. If not exercised daily they may find other destructive ways to keep themselves occupied. Exercising them regularly will also help to keep them physically and mentally fit. In addition to them being a ball of energy, they are also very intelligent. We recommend giving them toys or puzzles to keep them mentally stimulated. Bored dogs are known for being destructive. Physical and mental stimulation keeps them happy, and protects your home.

Training a Miniature American Eskimo

Because they are intelligent, it can be easy to train them. Sometimes they can be stubborn because of how smart they are. They respond well to obedience training and positive reinforcement techniques. Puppy training classes are recommended to help speed up the training process.

The Eskimos are quick to learn commands and tricks. One of the best reasons to get them trained is so they’ll understand you when you quiet them. They like to bark, so you’ll get lots of practice teaching them to be quiet.

Early socialization training for your Eskies will help them be comfortable meeting new people and other animals when they grow up. The easiest way to socialize them is by exposing them to different people, sounds, experiences, and other animals.

a Miniature American Eskimo cooling off after a walk

Their Compatibility with Children

Because they are energetic and playful, the American Eskimos are great pets for families with kids. They can easily form strong bonds with the kids in your home. They also get along well with other family pets in your home. Because of their high energy, and their family bonds your children should always enjoy playing with your Eskies. While Eskies do well with other dogs and cats, you should keep them away from pets like rodents, reptiles, and birds. Many of these are small enough that they could look like a toy, or a small meal for your Eskie.

Make sure your children how to properly hold and behave with your dogs. They should not pick them up or bother them when they are eating. Always have an adult supervise the interactions between the Eskie and kids until you know how they will act together. This should reduce the amount of accidents between them.

a cute Miniature American Eskimo sitting in the grass

Best Climate for Miniature American Eskimos

With Eskies being companion dogs, they like to stay inside the home and be with their family. Because they’re inside dogs they’ll need space inside your home. They are quite comfortable living in normal home temperatures.

Because they have a thick and long coat, the American Eskimos are able to tolerate cold climates quite well. Because their fur keeps them so warm, most people will need to come inside before their Eskie will. 

The downside is that their coat makes them sensitive to heat. The thick coat makes it easy for them to overheat when it gets hot outside. To keep them from overheating, you should always keep them inside when the temperature is too high outside. Make sure that they have access to lots of water in the summer so that they can keep hydrated. 

The Attention a Miniature American Eskimo Needs

Because these are companion dogs, they need a lot of attention. They love to do activities like playing, exercising, and getting taken out for walks. Just about any activity will keep them happy. 

Eskies also love to learn new tricks, and do new things.

Any time you leave your Eskie home alone they should be kennelled. They do best with a kennel full of toys or some puzzles to keep them entertained. A lot of people don’t like to kennel their dogs during the day, but the sad reality is that your Eskie will get into something or chew something important to you. 

Eskies do not like being left alone for long periods of time. Leaving them alone for too long can have your Eskie barking loudly or even developing separation anxiety. 

Health Issues

While American Eskimo Dogs are generally healthy, here are some common occurring diseases in this breed.

Hip Dysplasia is a common joint problem that can be found in most dog breeds including the American Eskimo Dogs. This is a genetic condition in which the thighbone is unable to attach properly to the hip joint. It can lead to slight pain or lameness in the legs. In severe cases, it can even cause arthritis. If you see your dog having issues while walking, you should take them to your vet and get them diagnosed for hip Dysplasia.

Another common joint problem that some Eskies can have is Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease. It happens when the blood supply to the head of the femur is reduced. This results in the upper part of the femur that connects with the pelvis to disintegrate and over time it may even cause arthritis. It can cause limping and atrophy of your dog’s leg muscles. Surgery can cure the condition allowing your dog to live a pain free life.

a Miniature American Eskimo running an obstacle course
a Miniature American Eskimo standing in the grass

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is an eye disease that leads to the slow degradation of the retina. In earlier stages the dogs become night-blind. Gradually it can cause them to lose sight during the day as well. Currently, there is no treatment for PRA but most dogs affected by PRA will adapt to the loss of vision.

Some younger Eskies can also get Juvenile Cataracts. A cataract happens when the lens in the eyes becomes abnormal. Because they may get this disease when they are young, ophthalmic examinations are recommended twice a year.

Bathing, Coat, and Cleaning

The Eskies shed moderately and require regular grooming. They will need to be brushed twice a week. A pin brush can gently comb the fur on their coat. The pin brush will help remove matting and loose fur from their coat. Slicker brushes work well to comb the sensitive areas and areas that are hard to reach with a pin brush.

You should bathe them only when their coat is dirty or once every other month. Bathing them often can cause skin problems like dryness and irritation. Use a high-quality dog shampoo and conditioner when bathing them. 

Their nails need to be trimmed every week. Keeping their nails from being too long will help prevent damage to your floors.

Check their ears once every week for dirt built-up or any bad odors. If they are dirty, use a moist cotton ball to gently clean only the visible part of the ears.

Check their ears, eyes, and skin for any signs of infection or redness. If there are any, take them to the vet and have them evaluated for possible infection.

Feeding A Miniature American Eskimo

They need a total of ½ to 1.5 cups of high-quality dog food each day. Most owners will feed them half in the morning and the other half at night. The exact amount of food will depend upon how active your dog is. 

Some Eskies seem to have a stronger stomach than others which may allow them to eat people food without getting sick. Others can have a delicate stomach and may not be comfortable eating all kinds of food. Some Exies can be allergic to Salmon, so be careful if you give them fish. Always consult your vet about what to feed your Eskie. 

Related Questions:

How did the American Eskimo Dogs originate?

The exact history of their origin is not known but they are considered descendants of the German Spitz dogs – the large white Pomeranians, white Italian spitz, and the white Keeshond. These spitz family dogs came to America with German immigrants at the beginning of the 19th century. They became known as American Spitz and became popular entertainers at circuses for performing a wide variety of tricks. 

In 1917 when America joined World War I, the entire nation was gripped by an anti-German sentiment.  The name of Spitz dogs was changed to “American Eskimo”, after a kennel club in Ohio started calling them that. Although the American Eskimos are popular in America, it was only in 1995 that they were recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC).

a pile of multi colored dog food

Do Eskie dogs like to chew things?

Yes, Eskies have a habit of chewing things. Shoes or other small things in your home are their favorite things to chew. One way to keep your shoes like new is to give them lots of toys to keep them occupied. If you give them things that you want them to chew, they may not go after other things in your home. If you think that they have been chewing your shoes or anything inside the home it’s likely because they were bored. Dogs with nothing to do tend to act out. Take them for a walk outside, or play in the backyard or distract them with toys. 

Are they good therapy dogs?

Yes, like many Spitz dogs, they are also great therapy dogs. They are affectionate and loving with the owners and form strong bonds with them. This helps the Eskies to respond well to the emotions of their family members and keep them happy.

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