Canine Kidney Stones

Canine kidney stones are a common health issue with some dogs. They are caused by the buildup of minerals and other substances in their kidneys, which can lead to pain, infection, and even organ failure if left untreated.

By taking proactive steps and understanding the risks associated with kidney stones, pet owners can help ensure their dog’s health and well-being.

Symptoms of Canine Kidney Stones

The most common symptoms of kidney stones include:

  • Vomiting
  • Decreased appetite
  • Increased thirst
  • Painful urination
  • Abdominal pain
  • Blood in their urine

If you notice any of these signs in your dog, it’s important to contact your veterinarian right away for an evaluation.

Diagnosing Canine Kidney Stones

In order to diagnose kidney stones, your veterinarian will likely perform a physical examination and take a urine sample. Imaging tests such as an ultrasound or X-ray could be used to confirm the presence of kidney stones.

Stages of Canine Kidney Stones

Kidney stones can be split into four stages:

Stage 1

Small stones that are able to pass through the urinary tract on their own.

Stage 2

Medium-sized stones that could need medical intervention to remove.

Stage 3

Large stones that need surgery to remove.

Stage 4

Stones that have caused permanent damage to the kidneys or other organs.

Treating Canine Kidney Stones

Treating kidney stones will depend on the size and type of stone. Smaller stones might be able to pass through the urinary tract on their own, while larger stones might need to be surgically removed.

Treatment for kidney stones typically involves surgery to remove the stones, as well as medications to reduce their inflammation and pain. In some cases, dietary changes could be recommended to help prevent future kidney stones from forming. Regular check-ups with a veterinarian are important to monitor for any signs of kidney stones or other health issues.

Some dogs will need medications like antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs to help reduce pain and inflammation associated with the stones.

Preventing Canine Kidney Stones

In order to prevent kidney stones from forming, it’s important to feed your dog a balanced diet that is low in sodium and phosphorus. 

It’s very important to make sure your dogs always have enough to drink. The more liquids passing through their system, the lower the chance that they’ll get kidney stones. Regular exercise and plenty of fresh water can help keep their kidneys healthy and functioning properly. 

Finally, regular check-ups with a veterinarian are essential for monitoring any changes in your dog’s health or behavior.