American Bulldog

Are you considering adding an American Bulldog to your family? If so, you’ve come to the right place! American Bulldogs are a great choice for those looking for a loyal and loving companion.

American Bulldogs are strong, muscular dogs that were originally bred as working dogs. They have a short coat that comes in many colors and patterns. They have a broad head, strong jaws, and a powerful build. American Bulldogs are known for their intelligence and loyalty, making them great family pets.

American Bulldogs are active dogs that don’t need much exercise to stay healthy and happy. They love to run and play, and it’s important to give them plenty of opportunities to do so. A daily walk or jog is a great way to keep your American Bulldog in shape.

American Bulldogs are very social animals and do best when they have plenty of interaction with their family. They love to be around people and can be quite affectionate. They are also very protective of their family, and it’s important to make sure they get the proper training and socialization from an early age.

American Bulldogs are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. It’s important to keep up with regular vet visits and vaccinations to ensure your American Bulldog stays healthy.

Overall, American Bulldogs make great family pets. They are loyal and loving companions that don’t need much exercise and love to socialize. With the right care and training, they can be a wonderful addition to any family.

American Bulldog Information

  • Average Height: 22 to 27 inches
  • Average Length: 31 to 37 inches
  • Average Weight: 60 – 80 pounds
  • Coat Type: Short length
  • Coat Appearance: Smooth-coat that is glossy, soft, and fine-textured.
  • Coat Colors: White, tan, brindle and brown.
  • Grooming Needs: High
  • Shedding: Medium 
  • Brushing Requirements: Once a week
  • Sensitive to Touch: Yes sensitive in some areas like skin folds and wrinkles.
  • Excessive Barking: Only To Alert
  • Tolerance to Heat and Cold: No
  • Good Pet: They are predictable, loving, and an amazing family member, so yes!
  • Safe with Children: Yes
  • Good with Other Dogs: Yes
  • Good with Other Pets: Yes
  • Suitable to live in an Apartment: Yes
  • Good for Less Experienced Pet Owners: Yes, but they need a lot of daily care
  • Training: They are slow learners but easy to train.
  • Exercise Needs: Low 
  • Weight Gain: High
  • Health Concerns: Cardiac and respiratory disease, hip dysplasia, cherry eyes, heat concerns and skin infections, obesity, bladder or kidney stones, ichthyosisIchthyosis, nerve disease, eyelid abnormality
  • Allergies: Food and Skin allergies.
  • Average Life Span: 12 to 14 years

Physical Appearance of American Bulldog

The American Bulldog is a large breed with a muscular body and a broad head. Their muzzle is short and their ears fold over and lay on their head. Their coat can be white, tan, brindle, brown, or any combination of these colors. Their tail is sometimes docked but most owners choose to leave it natural.

Temperament of American Bulldogs

The American Bulldog is a loyal and protective breed that makes a great guard dog. They are intelligent and can be trained with patience and consistency. 

The American Bulldog has a calm and loving temperament. They are also gentle and obedient. Their gentle and loving personalities make them a great pet for families. American Bulldogs rarely act aggressively and are almost always in a playful mood. A great combination if you have children and regular visitors. They are known for being protective of their family and can be great watch dogs

American Bulldogs don’t bark very often, which might be because they are not very territorial. They only bark and become aggressive if someone treats them badly. Overall they are very predictable and easy-going pets making it a joy to have them in your home.

Training an American Bulldog

American Bulldogs, for as loving and loyal as they are, are less intelligent than most other dog breeds. They are known for being slow learners. The good thing is they are not stubborn which will make training them easier, just longer than other breeds. Try not to be too aggressive in your training techniques, otherwise they can become frustrated and will take longer to train.  

Pay attention to your dog while training them.  If they seem to be having difficulty following or they look tired or confused then consider ending the training. Short training sessions that last for up to fifteen minutes are best. Short training sessions should keep them from losing interest or running out of energy.

Obedience Training Classes

Obedience training classes are an important part of owning an American Bulldog. These classes will help your dog learn basic commands such as sit, stay, come, and heel. They will also help you establish yourself as the leader of the pack and teach your dog how to behave in different situations. Obedience training classes should be fun for both you and your dog and should focus on positive reinforcement.

Clicker Training

Clicker training is a great way to train your American Bulldog. It is a positive reinforcement method that uses a clicker to mark the desired behavior. The clicker should be used in conjunction with treats and praise to reward your dog for their good behavior. Clicker training can help your dog learn basic commands such as sit, stay, come, and heel. It can also help with more advanced behaviors such as agility and tricks. Clicker training is a great way to bond with your American Bulldog and help them learn in a positive way.

Early Socialization Training

Early socialization is an important part of owning an American Bulldog. They need exposure to different sounds, places, people, other dogs, and pets right when they’re a puppy. 

By being exposed to so many things it will help interact more confidently with others and teach them appropriate ways for them to interact with people and other animals. It’s important to do this in a positive way and reward your dog for good behavior.

Kennel Training

Kennel training is an important part of owning an American Bulldog. It is important to establish a safe and secure environment for your dog to stay in when you are not home or when they need a break from the family. Kennels should be large enough for your dog to stand up, turn around, and lay down comfortably. Place a comfortable bed inside the kennel and give them toys to keep your dog entertained. It’s important to introduce the kennel slowly and reward your dog for positive behavior.

With patience and consistency, your American Bulldog will learn to love their kennel. It’s also a great place for them to dry off after they come into the house when it’s wet outside.

Their Compatibility with Children

American Bulldogs are friendly dogs and get along really well with children. They are a breed that loves to play with kids. They are very affectionate with children and will often show their love by licking them. 

Because American Bulldogs are smaller dogs there is a lower chance that they will accidentally hurt children while playing. No matter their size, they will be protective of children and will protect them from strangers.

You can leave them alone unsupervised to play together without worrying. One thing to be cautious about is leaving small toys around. American Bulldogs love to chew things and might occasionally chew your child’s toys. Chewing their toys can be harmful to their health. To keep them from chewing things, always have an adult look over the area where they will play and remove anything that could be a problem. 

Teach your kids the best ways to interact with your American Bulldog. Children should not disturb them when they are eating because they might get bit because your dog thinks their food is being taken away. Until you know how your children and new puppy will react its best to  have an adult supervise their interactions. Supervision is the best way to keep accidents from happening.

Best Climate for American Bulldogs

American Bulldogs are most comfortable in a moderate climate. They can’t tolerate extreme cold or heat very well. If you stay in an area that experiences freezing temperatures, avoid taking your American Bulldog outside for longer than necessary. If you must take them out for more than a potty break, try to keep the walk to less than 15 minutes. A coat or sweater can help keep them warm when you exercise them for longer than 15 minutes. 

Never leave them outside for more than half an hour on a hot day. The maximum temperature that they can tolerate is 85 degrees. Anything beyond that can be extremely dangerous for your American Bulldog. Because of their breathing problems they are very susceptible to heat exhaustion. The situation can quickly lead to heatstroke that can kill them if they are not closely watched in the heat. 

American Bulldogs have a shorter snout that doesn’t allow them to pant as efficiently as other breeds. Because of their shorter snout, it makes it harder to regulate their body temperature. They need a nice cool place in the shade when the temperature gets past 80 degrees, and plenty of water.

The Attention an American Bulldog Needs

American Bulldogs are a loyal and protective breed that require plenty of attention. They need regular exercise, mental stimulation, and companionship to stay happy and healthy. It’s important to spend quality time with your American Bulldog every day. This can include playing games, going for walks, or just cuddling up together. Regular grooming is also important to keep their skin healthy and keep it from drying out. With love and attention, your American Bulldog will be a loyal and loving companion.

Health Issues

American Bulldogs are generally a healthy breed, but they can be prone to certain health issues. These include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and allergies. It is important to keep up with regular vet visits and vaccinations to ensure your dog stays healthy. Regular exercise and a balanced diet can also help prevent many health issues in American Bulldogs.

Cherry Eye

Cherry eye is a prolapsed gland of their third eyelid. Cherry eye is what happens after a tear gland in a dog’s third eyelid becomes inflamed. It’s usually not painful, but sometimes your dog will rub it like it’s itchy.

It’s called cherry eye because of a red sack that swells in the inner corner of their eye. Your dog will start to have some discomfort in their eyes because the gland isn’t able to produce tears as much as it should. If your dog doesn’t tear enough, it could lead to an eye infection.

As soon as you see indications of cherry eyes, contact your vet. They can surgically reposition the gland and fix the problem.

Dry Eye

Canine Dry Eye (Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca, or KCS) is a common eye condition with dogs that occurs when their eyes don’t produce enough tears to keep them lubricated and healthy. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, environmental conditions, trauma, and certain medications.

Symptoms of Canine Dry Eye

  • Eye Redness
  • Eye Discharge
  • Squinting
  • Cloudy or opaque eyes
  • Corneal Ulceration (in severe cases)

Treatment for dry eye typically involves artificial tears or ointments to help lubricate their eyes and reduce inflammation. In more severe cases, medications such as cyclosporine could be prescribed to increase tear production.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a hereditary problem that can make walking, getting up or laying down difficult and painful. When a dog has hip dysplasia, their hip socket fails to fully cover the ball portion of their thigh bone. The looseness between the hip and leg bone leads to partial or complete dislocation of their hip joint and can cause pain and stiffness. In most cases, medication and exercise restrictions are advised by the vet. Over time the condition could become severe enough that your vet might recommend surgery to correct it.

Brachycephalic Syndrome

Brachycephalic Syndrome is a condition that affects dogs with short, or brachycephalic, muzzles. This syndrome can cause a variety of health problems due to the anatomical abnormalities associated with the shortened muzzle. Common signs and symptoms of brachycephalic syndrome include difficulty breathing, snoring, gagging, and exercise intolerance.

The most common breeds affected by this syndrome are Bulldogs, Pugs, Shih Tzus, and Boston Terriers.

The primary cause of brachycephalic syndrome is the shortened muzzle associated with these breeds. This shortening causes their airway to narrow, which can lead to difficulty breathing and other respiratory problems.

Their soft palate could be too long for their shortened muzzle and can obstruct their airway.

Head Shakes

Canine head shakes can be caused by a variety of factors, ranging from medical issues to behavioral problems. Some common causes include ear infections, allergies, neurological disorders, and even anxiety or fear. In some cases, the cause might be unknown. It’s important to consult with your veterinarian if your dog has head shaking symptoms in order to determine the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Head shaking can be a sign of pain or discomfort, so it’s important to rule out any medical issues before attempting to address the behavior. If your dog is shaking their head due to an ear infection, for example, your veterinarian will prescribe antibiotics or other medications to treat their infection. Allergies will need antihistamines or other medications to reduce the symptoms. Neurological disorders might need more specialized treatment, such as physical therapy or medications to control seizures.

In some cases, head shaking can be a sign of anxiety or fear. If this is the case, it’s important to identify and address the underlying cause of your dog’s distress. This can involve desensitization training, counterconditioning, or other behavior modification techniques. It’s also important to make sure that your dog has a safe and secure environment in order to reduce their stress and anxiety.

Periodontal Disease

Domesticated cats and dogs can get periodontal disease if their oral health is not taken care of. Periodontal disease is a tooth and gum condition that can become serious in a few ways. One of the biggest problems is that this disease can destroy the gums and teeth of your pet if left untreated.

Another major problem if the bacteria in the mouth enters the bloodstream. Plaque build-up in the mouth can damage the gums and let bacteria enter the bloodstream. If this happens it can cause kidney and liver diseases and narrow their blood vessels which can lead to heart problems.

One of the easiest ways to prevent periodontal disease is to regularly brush your pet’s teeth. More than likely they won’t like it, but regular brushing is the best way you can prevent plaque buildup in your pets mouth.


Obesity is a growing problem in the United States. It’s estimated that up to 40% of dogs in the US are overweight or obese. Obesity can lead to a number of health problems, including joint pain, heart disease, and diabetes.

The most common cause of obesity is overfeeding. Dogs need a balanced diet with enough protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. If a dog is fed too much, or given treats too often, they can become overweight.

In addition to overfeeding, not enough exercise can also contribute to obesity. Dogs need regular exercise in order to stay healthy and fit. Taking your dog for a walk or playing fetch are great ways to get them moving and burning calories. Having your dog running around is also great for their mental health.

If you think your dog might be overweight, it’s important to talk to your veterinarian. They can help you create a diet and exercise plan that is tailored to your dog’s individual needs. With the right diet and exercise plan, you can help your dog achieve a healthy weight and live a long, happy life.


Other diseases found in American Bulldog include respiratory, dry skin, and cardiac conditions.

Bathing, Coat, and Cleaning

When it comes to cleaning, American Bulldogs have very high grooming needs. Because they have so many wrinkles and skin folds moisture can collect in a fold and lead to rashes or infections on their skin. If you are interested in having an American Bulldog in your family, you should be prepared to wipe their skin once or twice a day to remove moisture and prevent bacteria build up.

Taking care of their wrinkles in the warmer months is very important.  The folds can easily trap moisture and eventually crack their skin. You need to take good care of their wrinkles because they can become infected. 

Use a wet cotton cloth to wipe their wrinkles once or twice a day. Baby wipes or antibacterial cloths work well to remove moisture and give them some immediate cooling if they are warm. If you see that their wrinkles are too moist, you can ask your vet to suggest an ointment to apply.  Many people also apply aloe on their skin to keep it healthy and keep their skin from cracking.

To clean their ears use a moist cotton cloth.

They like to stay indoors and are known to keep themselves fairly clean. They only shed moderate amounts of hair and brushing them once a week should be enough. The only thing you may need to do more often is to clean up any drool that they have.  

Because they have a smooth and soft coat, use a soft bristle brush while brushing them. Give them a bath once every two to four weeks. While bathing use an antibacterial and antifungal shampoo to gently rub their coat. When bathing them it’s important to move all of their skin folds so that their entire body is cleaned and not just the convenient parts.

Their nails should be trimmed once a week. Short nails will keep your Bulldog from damaging the floor by scratching it or hurting your family while playing with them. 

Every week it’s important to check their nose, paws, and other areas of your dog while brushing them for signs of redness or other infections. If you see any signs of infection, call your vet immediately. American Bulldogs are prone to develop eye and skin diseases and need to be inspected thoroughly.

Feeding An American Bulldog

American Bulldogs need 3 to 4 cups of dog food every day, split into two meals. Don’t leave their food out in the open so your dog can eat it whenever they want. If they don’t eat it all after it’s given to them, put the food away until their next scheduled feeding time.

Avoid feeding table scraps to your Bulldog. If you want to feed them people food, consult your vet before giving them any. They’re not large dogs and they don’t need a lot of food. Eating more than what they are supposed to can cause them to put on weight or lead to negative health conditions.

Related Questions:

Is an American Bulldog Stronger Than a  PitBull?

It’s important to note that strength can be subjective and can vary among individual dogs within a breed. Both the American Bulldog and the Pitbull are generally considered to be strong breeds.

The American Bulldog is a powerful and muscular dog with a broad chest and strong shoulders. They have a thick neck and a robust body, making them well-suited for tasks that need strength and power.

On the other hand, Pitbulls are also muscular dogs known for their strength and agility. They have a strong and compact build, with well-defined muscles and a deep chest. Pitbulls were originally bred for bull-baiting which required them to have strength, endurance, and tenacity.

In terms of size, American Bulldogs are generally larger and heavier than Pitbulls. Male American Bulldogs can weigh anywhere from 70 to 120 pounds, while male Pitbulls typically weigh between 35 to 60 pounds. This difference in size can contribute to the perception that American Bulldogs are stronger.

It’s important to note that strength is not solely determined by size. Pitbulls are known for their muscular build and athleticism, and their smaller size can actually give them an advantage in terms of agility and speed. Strength is not solely determined by physical attributes but also by temperament and training.

While American Bulldogs may have a larger size advantage, Pitbulls are known for their agility and speed. Both breeds have a strong muscular build and powerful bite force, but there is no conclusive evidence to suggest that one breed is inherently stronger than the other.

What is the Leading Cause of Death in American Bulldogs?

One of the primary causes of death in American Bulldogs is cancer. Like many other dog breeds, American Bulldogs can develop various types of cancer, including lymphoma, mast cell tumors, and bone cancer. Cancer can affect different organs and systems in their body, leading to a decline in overall health and eventually causing death. Regular veterinary check-ups, early detection, and prompt treatment are crucial in managing and potentially prolonging the life of an American Bulldog diagnosed with cancer.

Another leading cause of death in American Bulldogs is heart disease. This breed is prone to certain cardiac conditions such as dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and mitral valve disease. These conditions can lead to weakened heart function, arrhythmias, congestive heart failure, and ultimately death.

Is an American Bulldog a Bully?

American Bulldogs are often misunderstood as being aggressive or “bully” dogs due to their appearance and muscular build. It’s important to note that this breed’s temperament can vary greatly depending on the individual dog and how they have been raised and trained.

It’s essential for owners to give their dogs proper socialization and training from a young age to ensure that their American Bulldogs grow up to be well-rounded and obedient dogs. Early socialization helps them learn appropriate behavior around other dogs, animals, and people. Positive reinforcement training methods are recommended to encourage good behavior and strengthen the bond between the owner and the dog.

It’s also important for owners to understand that any dog, regardless of breed, has the potential to have aggressive behavior if they are not properly trained or socialized. It’s crucial to provide a stable and nurturing environment for American Bulldogs to thrive and prevent any potential aggressive tendencies.

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Maryna is an animal expert that has had dozens of animals in her life over the years. She has never found an animal that she didn't love immediately. It seems like every year she finds kittens that have been abandoned by their mom and she nurses them to health and finds homes for them. She contributes her vast knowledge about animals and family pets to our website and we're forever grateful to have her working with us. She's also an amazing graphics designer and has designed all of the social media images that we use across all platforms.