Reptile Metabolic Bone Disease (MBD) is a condition caused by a lack of calcium, vitamin D3, and phosphorus in the diet. It can also be caused by an imbalance of these nutrients or by insufficient exposure to ultraviolet light. MBD affects their bones and can lead to deformities, fractures, and even death if left untreated.
Symptoms of Reptile Metabolic Bone Disease
The most common symptom of MBD is their bones softening, which can lead to deformities and fractures. Other symptoms include:
- Appetite loss
- Head or limbs swelling
- Difficulty moving
- Muscle twitching or trembling
Diagnosing Reptile Metabolic Bone Disease
Diagnosing MBD is based on a physical examination and laboratory tests. X-rays should be taken to look for bone deformities or fractures. Blood tests can measure calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D3 levels in their body.
Stages of Reptile Metabolic Bone Disease
MBD is split into three stages:
Stage 1:Mild MBD
Bones are soft but not yet deformed.
Stage 2: Moderate MBD
Bones are deformed and fractures could occur.
Stage 3: Severe MBD
Bones are severely deformed and fractures are common.
Treating Reptile Metabolic Bone Disease
Treating MBD involves feeding them a balanced diet with enough calcium, vitamin D3, and phosphorus as well as having enough exposure to UVB lighting. If the condition is caught early, it can be reversed with proper care.
Preventing Reptile Metabolic Bone Disease
MBD can be prevented by feeding your reptile a balanced diet with enough calcium, vitamin D3, and phosphorus as well as making sure that they have proper lighting for UVB exposure. Regular veterinary check-ups are also important to detect any signs of MBD early on.
Reptile Metabolic Bone Disease is a serious condition that can lead to deformities, fractures, and even death if left untreated.