Small Mammal Mycoplasma infections are a type of bacterial infection that can affect small mammals, such as mice and rats. Mycoplasma is a genus of bacteria that lack a cell wall and typically infect the respiratory, reproductive, and urinary tracts of their hosts. Infections can cause fever, lethargy, difficulty breathing, weight loss, infertility, sneezing and coughing. In some cases, the infection can be fatal.
Mycoplasma infections are spread through contact with infected animals and their secretions, such as urine or saliva. It’s also possible for humans to catch mycoplasma from their pets if they are not careful when handling them.
In order to diagnose a mycoplasma infection in a small mammal, a veterinarian will take samples from the lungs, urine, or other organs. These samples will be tested for the presence of mycoplasma in order to confirm the diagnosis.
Symptoms of Small Mammal Mycoplasma Infection
Mycoplasma infections in small mammals can cause a variety of symptoms, including:
- Difficulty breathing
- Weight loss
- Sneezing and coughing
If any of these symptoms are observed, it’s important to get veterinary care immediately.
Diagnosing Small Mammal Mycoplasma Infection
Mycoplasma infections can be diagnosed by taking samples from the lungs, urine, or other organs and testing them for the presence of mycoplasma. A veterinarian will be able to advise on the best course of action.
Stages of Small Mammal Mycoplasma Infection
During the early stages of infection, the animal might not show any signs or symptoms.
As the infection progresses, signs and symptoms such as fever, lethargy, difficulty breathing and weight loss will become apparent.
If left untreated, the infection can lead to chronic problems such as infertility or respiratory issues.
Treating Small Mammal Mycoplasma Infection
Treatment for mycoplasma infections in small mammals typically involves antibiotics such as tetracycline, tylosin and enrofloxacin. A veterinarian might also recommend supportive care such as fluids and supplements to help the animal recover.
Preventing Small Mammal Mycoplasma Infection
The best way to prevent mycoplasma infections in small mammals is to keep cages clean and disinfect them regularly. Animals should also be separated if one becomes ill, and any new animals being introduced into your home should be quarantined for at least a few weeks and tested for mycoplasma before being allowed to mix with the existing animals.