Canine Luxating Patella is a condition where the kneecap (patella) slips out of its normal position. This can cause pain and lameness in dogs, and can range from mild to severe. The most common cause of luxating patella is genetics, but it can also be caused by trauma or injury.
It is important to note that luxating patella can be a progressive condition, so early diagnosis and treatment are key for managing the condition and preventing further damage.
Symptoms of Canine Luxating Patella
Symptoms of Canine Luxating Patella can vary depending on the severity of the condition. Common signs include limping, pain when the knee is moved, and a clicking sound when their knee is bent. In more severe cases, the kneecap may be completely dislocated and unable to move. Other symptoms may include swelling or tenderness in the affected area, difficulty walking or running, and an abnormal gait.
Stages of Canine Luxating Patella
Canine Luxating Patella is grouped into four stages, based on the severity of the condition.
The kneecap can be manually moved out of its normal position, but returns to its normal position when released.
The kneecap can be manually moved out of its normal position but does not return to its normal position when released.
The kneecap is permanently dislocated and cannot be manually moved back into its normal position.
The kneecap is completely dislocated and unable to move. There may also be damage to the surrounding ligaments, tendons, and muscles.
Diagnosing Canine Luxating Patella
Canine Luxating Patella is typically diagnosed through a physical examination and x-rays. During the physical exam, the veterinarian will check for signs of pain or lameness in the affected area. X-rays can help to confirm the diagnosis and determine the severity of the condition.
Treatment for Canine Luxating Patella
Treatment for Canine Luxating Patella depends on the severity of the condition. Mild cases can often be managed with rest and anti-inflammatory medications.
In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to reposition the kneecap and stabilize it in place. After surgery, physical therapy is often recommended to help strengthen the muscles around the knee and improve range of motion. In some cases, braces or other orthopedic devices may be used to help support the knee and reduce pain.
Preventing Canine Luxating Patella
Canine Luxating Patella is mainly a genetic condition, so there is no way to prevent it. However, regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk of developing the condition.
It’s important to be aware of any signs or symptoms that may indicate the presence of luxating patella. If it can be diagnosed early, treatment can be started as soon as possible and your dog will have a higher quality of life.