Canine Urolithiasis

Canine Urolithiasis is a condition where stones form in a dog’s urinary tract. These stones can range in size from small grains to large, hard masses and can be composed of various minerals, including calcium oxalate, struvite, urate, cystine, and silicate.

It’s important to note that prevention is key when it comes to urolithiasis. Regular veterinary check-ups are essential for early detection and treatment of any urinary tract issues. Feeding your dog a balanced diet with all the vitamins and minerals they need can help reduce their risk of stones forming.

Symptoms of Canine Urolithiasis

The most common symptom of urolithiasis is difficulty urinating. This can be accompanied by:

  • Straining
  • Frequent attempts to urinate
  • Blood in their urine

Other symptoms can include:

  • Vomiting
  • Appetite loss
  • Lethargy
  • Abdominal pain

Diagnosing Canine Urolithiasis

When it comes to diagnosing urolithiasis, the veterinarian will typically begin with a physical examination and go over their medical history. The vet could use imaging tests such as x-rays or an ultrasound to identify stones within their urinary tract. Additional tests, such as urinalysis and blood work, can be performed in order to check for underlying causes of their urolithiasis.

Stages of Canine Urolithiasis

The stages of urolithiasis can vary depending on the type and size of the stones.


Stones begin to form in the urinary tract, usually due to an imbalance of minerals or other substances in their urine.


The stones move through their urinary tract, causing irritation and inflammation as they go.


The stones can block the flow of urine, causing an obstruction. This can lead to a urinary tract infection and other complications.


The stones are either passed naturally or surgically removed.

Treating Canine Urolithiasis

Treating urolithiasis depends on the size and type of stones they have. Smaller stones might be able to pass naturally, while larger stones could need to be surgically removed. In some cases, medications like antibiotics or anti-inflammatories can be prescribed to help reduce inflammation and pain associated with the condition.

Dietary changes could be recommended to help prevent the formation of new stones.

Preventing Canine Urolithiasis

The best way to prevent urolithiasis is to feed your dog a balanced diet with enough vitamins and minerals.

Regular veterinary check-ups are essential for early detection and treatment of any urinary tract issues.

It’s also important to monitor your dog’s water intake and how often they urinate, this can help identify any changes in their urinary tract that could indicate the presence of stones.

Additional Information

Urolithiasis is a serious condition that can lead to complications if left untreated. If you think that your dog might have stones in their urinary tract, it’s important to get veterinary care as soon as possible. With proper diagnosis and treatment, most dogs can make a full recovery.