Small Mammal Pasteurellosis

Small Mammal Pasteurellosis is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Pasteurella multocida. The disease can affect a wide variety of small mammal species, from guinea pigs and rabbits to hamsters and ferrets. It’s highly contagious, so proper management of susceptible animals is essential in preventing the spread of the infection.

The main symptoms of Small Mammal Pasteurellosis include fever, lethargy, loss of appetite, respiratory distress, and eye discharge. In severe cases, the infection can lead to death. Diagnosis of Small Mammal Pasteurellosis is usually done through fecal or nasal swab tests, which detect the presence of P. multocida in the samples.

Treatment for Small Mammal Pasteurellosis involves the use of antibiotics, usually tetracyclines or aminoglycosides. Antibiotics should be used under the guidance of a qualified veterinarian, and in some cases, supportive care such as fluid therapy or supplemental oxygen can also be necessary. In addition to treatment with antibiotics, good hygiene practices and isolating affected animals is also recommended in order to prevent the spread of the disease.

Symptoms of Small Mammal Pasteurellosis

  • Fever 
  • Lethargy 
  • Appetite loss
  • Respiratory distress 
  • Eye discharge 
  • In severe cases,death.

Diagnosing Small Mammal Pasteurellosis

Diagnosing Small Mammal Pasteurellosis is typically done through fecal or nasal swab tests, which detect the presence of P. multocida in the samples. In addition, bloodwork could be performed to assess organ function and check for other underlying conditions that could be contributing to the symptoms. If an infection is suspected, your veterinarian can also recommend imaging studies such as radiographs or ultrasounds to look for any signs of infection in the lungs or other organs.

Stages of Small Mammal Pasteurellosis

Early Infection Stage:

At this stage, the infection has just begun and affected animals can have mild symptoms such as fever, lethargy, and appetite loss.

Moderate Infection Stage:

At this stage, more severe symptoms such as respiratory distress and eye discharge can be present. Affected animals will also have difficulty breathing and require supportive care such as supplemental oxygen.

Severe Infection Stage:

At this stage, the infection can be life-threatening and affected animals will need intensive care. If left untreated, death can occur.

Treating Small Mammal Pasteurellosis

Treating Small Mammal Pasteurellosis generally involves the use of antibiotics, usually tetracyclines or aminoglycosides. Antibiotics should be used under the guidance of a qualified veterinarian, and in some cases, supportive care such as fluid therapy or supplemental oxygen will also be necessary. In addition to treatment with antibiotics, good hygiene practices and isolating affected animals is also recommended in order to prevent the spread of the disease.

Preventing Small Mammal Pasteurellosis

The best way to prevent Small Mammal Pasteurellosis is to maintain good hygiene practices, such as regular cage cleanings and proper hand-washing techniques. It’s important to properly isolate any animals that have signs of infection in order to reduce the spread of the disease. Vaccination against P. multocida is also available in some areas, so talk to your veterinarian about the best option for preventing this disease in your animals.