The Rottweiler looks at the park and waits for a walk

The Rottweiler is an ancient breed of dog that has long been prized for their strength, intelligence, and loyalty. They are strong-willed and independent-minded, making them both a challenge and a joy to own. An ideal Rottweiler is alert, obedient, and eager to please their master.

Rottweilers are extremely protective of their people and territory, making them excellent guard dogs. They need lots of exercise, regular grooming, and consistent training to maintain their confidence. The Rottweiler is a versatile breed that can excel in obedience, tracking, herding, agility, search-and-rescue work, and even therapy tasks.

While the Rottweiler can make an excellent family pet or guardian for a single person, they’re not recommended for first-time owners. They can be challenging to train and require firm, consistent leadership from an experienced handler. Rottweilers are smart, sensitive dogs that thrive when given consistent rules and guidance. With the right owner and training program, however, they can be loyal and devoted companions.

Rottweilers are surprisingly athletic and agile breeds, capable of excelling in a variety of tasks. They can make great jogging partners and excel in canine sports such as fetch, flyball, and dock diving. They also have an excellent sense of smell and may enjoy tracking or search-and-rescue work. Rottweilers need lots of mental stimulation to stay happy and healthy.

The Rottweiler is a loyal and protective breed that needs an experienced, patient owner. With the right training and guidance, these powerful yet sensitive dogs can be wonderful companions.The AKC has them listed as the 7th most popular dog of 2022.

Rottweiler Information

  • Average Height: 22-27 inches
  • Average Length: 38-42 inches
  • Average Weight: 95-135 pounds
  • Coat Type: Smooth
  • Coat Appearance: Short, hard and thick
  • Coat Colors: Black and tan or black and mahogany
  • Grooming Needs: Regular
  • Shedding: Moderate
  • Brushing Requirements: Once or twice per week
  • Sensitive to Touch: Yes
  • Excessive Barking: Low
  • Tolerance to Heat and Cold: Moderate
  • Good Pet: Can be If fully trained and socialized
  • Safe with Children: If fully trained and socialized
  • Good with Other Dogs: If fully trained and socialized
  • Good with Other Pets: If fully trained and socialized
  • Suitable for life in an Apartment: Not the best choice
  • Good for Less Experienced Pet Owners: No
  • Training: Highly trainable breed
  • Exercise Needs: High
  • Weight Gain: Yes
  • Health Concerns: Aortic Stenosis, Hip Dysplasia, Elbow Dysplasia, Entropion, Ectropion, Cruciate Ligament Rupture, OCD (Osteochondritis Dessicans), Cancer, JLLP (Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis & Polyneuropathy), Wet Eczema, Cold Water Tail
  • Allergies: Yes
  • Life Span: 8-10 years

Physical Appearance of a Rottweiler

The Rottweiler looks at a squirrel in the park in surprise

Rottweilers are large, powerful dogs with thick coats and broadheads. They have a muscular body with strong legs and well-defined muscles. The Rottweiler’s coat is usually black with rust or mahogany markings on their face, chest, legs, and tail. Their thick double coats also range from short to medium length. The Rottweiler’s facial expression is often described as alert, confident, and watchful.

Rottweilers are known for their intelligence and eagerness to please, making them easily trainable. They can be active and have a lot of energy, and it’s important to give them lots of exercise and mental stimulation. Keeping them busy with activities such as running, agility, tracking, or search-and-rescue work can help channel their energy in a positive direction.

Rottweilers are known to have an independent and confident personality. Although they can be stubborn, they are usually eager to please their owners and can learn quickly with proper training. They can be protective of their home and family. It’s important to establish rules and boundaries early on in order to prevent aggressive behavior. When well-socialized with people and other animals, Rottweilers can be loyal and devoted companions.

Temperament of a Rottweiler

Rottweilers are highly intelligent and loyal animals that need lots of mental stimulation and physical activity. While they have a natural protective instinct, they can be gentle and loving companions when properly socialized. They enjoy learning new tricks and activities such as fetch, tracking, or dock diving.

Rottweilers are known to have a strong presence and can be territorial around their home and family. It’s important for potential owners to understand their boundaries and establish training rules early on. With the right owner, Rottweilers can make great canine companions that provide both protection and love.

Training a Rottweiler

The Rottweiler admiring the beautiful sea view

Positive reinforcement, consistency, and patience are key when it comes to training a Rottweiler. They Are very intelligent and can learn quickly if given the right guidance. One of the most important aspects of Rottweiler training is establishing trust between you and your dog. Spend time bonding with your pup and rewarding them for good behavior.

When it comes to obedience training, keep sessions short and fun for your Rottweiler. Incorporate plenty of playtime and positive reinforcement to ensure that your pup is motivated to learn. Establish rules and boundaries early on and be consistent with commands and corrections. As an independent breed, it’s important to remain patient when working with a Rottweiler because they might not respond immediately.

Obedience Training Classes

Obedience training classes are a great way to help your dog learn some basic instructions. Obedience training isn’t just for your dog, it also helps owners learn to teach and control their new dog. These classes can teach you as an owner the best ways to teach your puppy. 

The amount of time you spend trying to stop your Rottweiler barking at strangers can be a lot less if you know the best way to teach them. Because Rottweilers love barking at strangers, with or without obedience training you will likely spend a good deal of time teaching them to be quiet.

Early Socialization Training

The Rottweiler with kind eyes is resting and looking at people

Early socialization training can help your Rottweiler become more comfortable around people and other animals. This should be done as early as possible, ideally before they’re six months old. Socialization can involve introducing your dog to different people, animals, environments, and noises in a positive way. It’s important that the environment is one that the pup finds comfortable and safe, so they can learn to associate these new experiences with positive feelings. 

Socialization should be done gradually and in a controlled way to ensure that the pup is not overwhelmed. With early socialization, your Rottweiler will be better adjusted and more comfortable around people and other animals.

Kennel Training

Kennel training works very well with Rottweilers. If done right they will see the kennel as their safe space, and a place that they can relax and sleep. Most dogs enjoy small spaces and will find a sense of security while inside it. Getting them comfortable in a kennel early on will save you a lot of headaches. You know that they can’t get into trouble while you’re sleeping or at work if they’re in their kennel. It’s also a great place for them to dry off after they come into the house when it’s wet outside.

Clicker Training

They need to be trained to understand what is good behavior and what is not OK. Clicker training will help them understand what is good behavior. Clicker training has you make a noise with the clicker when the desired action is done. In addition to the click you’ll give them a treat, at least while you train them. Every time your dog hears the click they’ll know they did a good job and you are happy.

If your dog misbehaves, try not to punish them because it can discourage them. Instead, remember the clicker training and divert their attention to something else. You might have to do this several times to help your dog understand that they are not supposed to do the undesired activities.

The Rottweiler admiring the beautiful sea view

Their Compatibility with Children

Rottweilers can make excellent family dogs, but it is important to always supervise interactions between them and small children. It’s also essential to educate your children on appropriate ways to interact with your dog, such as never pulling their ears or tails. With the right socialization and training, Rottweilers can be great canine companions that provide both protection and love.

Best Climate for a Rottweiler

Rottweiler’s do best in a moderate climate where temperatures remain relatively consistent year-round. They have a double coat that helps insulate them against extreme temperatures, but too much heat can be uncomfortable and even dangerous. During warmer months, keep your dog cool with plenty of shade, water, and air conditioning. 

Avoid leaving your dog outside in direct sunlight for too long, and always make sure they have an area with constant access to shade and water. In colder climates, a sweater or coat might be necessary to help keep your Rottweiler comfortable during outdoor activities.

The Attention a Rottweiler Needs

Rottweilers are very intelligent and loyal creatures, but they need a lot of attention in order to maintain good behavior. Rottweilers thrive when given plenty of consistent exercise, mental stimulation, and positive reinforcement. They need both physical and mental activities on a daily basis to stay content. Owners should make sure that they have these opportunities. It’s important for owners to spend quality time with their Rottweiler, because this will help strengthen the bond between pup and owner.

Health Issues

Rottweilers are generally a healthy breed, but they can still have certain health issues. Common health problems that can affect Rottweilers include hip dysplasia, joint problems, and heart disease. To keep your dog healthy, it’s important to get regular check-ups with a veterinarian and maintain a balanced diet. Rottweilers should also be screened for diseases like von Willebrand’s disease and thyroid disorders to ensure early treatment if necessary.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a hereditary problem that can make walking, getting up or laying down difficult and painful. When a dog has hip dysplasia, their hip socket fails to fully cover the ball portion of their thigh bone. The looseness between the hip and leg bone leads to partial or complete dislocation of their hip joint and can cause pain and stiffness. In most cases, medication and exercise restrictions are advised by the vet. Over time the condition could become severe enough that your vet might recommend surgery to correct it.


Cancer is a leading cause of death in dogs, accounting for nearly half of all deaths in older dogs. While there are many types of cancer that can affect dogs, the most common include lymphoma, mast cell tumors, and osteosarcoma. 

Early detection and treatment of cancer is essential for a successful outcome. Regular check-ups with your veterinarian are important to monitor your dog’s health, as well as to detect any signs of cancer early. 

If your dog is diagnosed with cancer, there are several treatment options available. Surgery is often used to remove tumors or affected areas of their body, and chemotherapy can be recommended to help reduce the size of tumors or slow their growth. 

Radiation therapy might also be used in some cases. In addition to traditional treatments, many pet owners are now turning to alternative therapies such as acupuncture, herbal remedies, and dietary changes to help their dogs fight cancer.

Aortic Stenosis

Aortic/Subaortic Stenosis (AS/SAS) is a congenital heart defect that affects the heart’s left ventricle. It’s caused by the aortic valve or subaortic area narrowing, which restricts the flow of blood from the left ventricle to the aorta. This can lead to an increased pressure in the left ventricle, which can cause symptoms such as exercise intolerance, fainting, and even sudden death.

AS/SAS is most commonly seen in large dog breeds, particularly Boxer and Bulldog breeds. It’s also seen in some smaller breeds such as the Chihuahua and Pomeranian. The condition can be diagnosed through an echocardiogram, which is an ultrasound for the heart.

It’s important to note that AS/SAS can be managed with proper treatment and care. It’s also important to know that this condition can be fatal if left untreated. It’s important to have your pet examined by a veterinarian if you think that they have (AS/SAS).

Elbow Dysplasia

Elbow Dysplasia is a condition that affects a dog’s elbow joint. It’s caused by abnormal growth and development of their elbow joint, resulting in pain, lameness, and arthritis. Elbow dysplasia can be caused by genetic factors or environmental factors such as nutrition or trauma.

Symptoms of Elbow Dysplasia

Dogs can also have a decreased range of motion in the affected joint. In severe cases, dogs will have difficulty walking or running. The symptoms of Elbow Dysplasia can vary depending on the stage of the disease. In the early stages, dogs can have signs of:

  •  Lameness 
  •  Stiffness in their elbow joint

 As the condition progresses, dogs will get:

  •  Increased pain 
  •  Swelling in the joint

In severe cases, dogs can get arthritis in their elbow joint.


Entropion is a common eye condition that occurs when their eyelids fold or roll inward. The condition can cause irritation, pain, and vision problems due to their inward folding eyelid which can lead to their eyelashes rubbing against the eyeball.

Symptoms of Entropion

The most common symptom of entropion is excessive tearing, squinting, eye redness, and pain or discomfort. Other signs include:

  • Visible inward eyelids
  • Blinking or rubbing their eyes
  • Sensitivity to light

In more severe cases, the conjunctiva (the membrane covering the white part of their eye) can become inflamed and infected due to the constant irritation.

Cold Water Tail

Canine cold water tail is a condition that affects dogs, typically small breeds such as Cocker Spaniels and Poodles, but also larger dogs like Rottweilers. It’s caused by a dog’s reaction to cold water, usually when bathing or swimming in cold water. The condition is also known as Acute Cold Tail Syndrome.

Symptoms of cold water tail can vary, but typically the dog will have a type of involuntary muscle spasm response when exposed to cold water. This can manifest as a trembling or shaking in their hindquarters, along with pain and discomfort in the area around their tail. Other symptoms can include vocalization such as whining or yelping when touched near the affected area. Some dogs could even become aggressive when exposed to cold water.

Treating cold water tail typically consists of a combination of rest, proper nutrition, and medications specifically prescribed by a veterinarian. In some cases, the condition can be alleviated with lifestyle changes such as swimming in warmer temperatures or avoiding baths altogether. If the condition’s root cause is not addressed and managed appropriately, it can become a chronic problem that is more difficult to treat.

In order to prevent cold water tail, it’s important to take certain precautions. Dogs should not be left unattended in baths or pools, and they should not be exposed to cold water for long periods of time. If possible, warm up their bathwater before bathing your dog and keep the temperature consistent throughout the bathtime routine. Feeding them an appropriate diet with ample vitamins and minerals can help reduce the risk of this condition.

Bathing, Coat, and Cleaning

Grooming a Rottweiler is generally simple and straightforward. Brushing your dog’s coat once or twice a week is usually enough to maintain its sheen. Bathing should be done every four to six weeks with a mild dog shampoo. It’s important to thoroughly dry their ears after bathing, because moisture can lead to ear infections. 

Their nails should be trimmed regularly to keep them from becoming too long. Owners should check for ticks and fleas periodically and treat them accordingly.

A close up of a bowl of dog food.

Feeding A Rottweiler

Rottweilers need a balanced diet that is high in protein and healthy fats. Foods specifically designed for large breeds are ideal, because they provide the right balance of nutrients. Avoid giving your dog too many treats or table scraps, because these can lead to obesity. 

The best food for your Rottweiler will depend on their age, activity level, and any specific dietary needs. For example, puppies should be given puppy food formulated specifically for their age and breed.

It’s important to ensure that their diet includes the vitamins and minerals necessary for healthy growth. It’s essential to provide clean, fresh water throughout the day.

Related Questions:

How Long Do Rottweilers Sleep?

Fully grown Rottweilers will sleep between 13 and 14 hours a day. The most significant portion of that sleep is during the night, while only four of those hours of sleep are during the day.

How Long Can A Rottweiler Stay Alone?

Rottweilers aren’t more prone to barking or being destructive than any other dog if left alone. Dogs prefer company for as long as possible during the day. We recommend you never leave any dog alone for more than four hours because this can cause them to become distressed, bored or lonely.

At What Age Is A Rottweiler Fully Grown?

As is common with the larger breeds, Rottweilers can be slow maturing. Many do not reach full adult size until 2 or 3 years of age, although adult height is often set by the time they reach one. These dogs will fill out, broadening their chests and becoming the massive dogs we expect with age.