Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis is a common condition in cats in which small stones made of calcium oxalate form in their urinary tract. It can occur as a result of chronic renal insufficiency or metabolic acidosis, and if left untreated can lead to obstruction and infection of their urinary tract.
Symptoms of Feline Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis
Symptoms of Feline Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis can include:
- Frequent urination
- Straining to urinate
- Blood in their urine
- Discomfort or pain when urinating
In severe cases cats may have vomiting, appetite loss, lethargy, and dehydration. These symptoms can be caused by urethra blockage and obstruction of their urinary tract.
Diagnosing Feline Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis
Diagnosing Feline Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis is typically made through a physical examination and imaging studies like radiographs or ultrasound. A urinalysis can also be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
Stages of Feline Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis
This stage is associated with the formation of small calcium oxalate stones in their urinary tract.
The stones may then travel down their urethra and cause blockages.
If left untreated, the stones can lead to obstruction and infection in their urinary tract.
Treatment with a combination of dietary changes, medications, and supportive care can help resolve the condition and reduce symptoms.
Treatment for Feline Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis
The primary treatment for Feline Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis is a combination of dietary changes, medications, and supportive care. Dietary changes can include reducing the amount of oxalates in their diet or feeding them a wet food diet with added water content.
Medications such as antibiotics can be used to treat any associated infections, while anti-inflammatory medications may be used to reduce discomfort and inflammation. Surgery may be necessary to remove large stones that are blocking their urinary tract. In some cases, medication like potassium citrate can be used to dissolve smaller stones.
Preventing Feline Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis
Preventing Feline Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis is best achieved through diet and lifestyle modifications. Feeding a balanced, low-oxalate diet can help reduce the risk of stone formation.
Making sure that your cat has adequate water and encouraging them to exercise can help keep their urinary tract healthy. Regular veterinary checkups are also important to monitor for any signs of early stone formation.