The Schnauzer is a breed of dog known for their unique mustache-like facial hair. This breed originated in Germany, where they were primarily used as a guard and ratting dog. Schnauzers can be one of three varieties: the miniature, standard, and giant sizes. No matter the size of this breed, they all share similar characteristics such as their wiry coat and mustached face.

Schnauzers have a reputation for being highly active and needing plenty of exercise. This breed loves to go on long walks or hikes, and they also enjoy playing in the yard or participating in agility activities. To keep their coat looking neat, Schnauzers need regular grooming.

Schnauzers are known to be an all-around great family dog. They are loyal, protective, and intelligent. This breed loves to be around their owners and is known for being incredibly affectionate. With proper training and socialization, this dog can make a great addition to any family.

They’re known for their strong watchdog abilities, making them a good choice for those looking for a bit of extra security. This breed is not typically aggressive, but they will bark to alert their owners if they sense an intruder. They are also highly intelligent and can learn commands quickly with consistent training.

Despite their high energy levels, Schnauzers are also known for being quite vocal with their owners. They can be a bit barky and make a lot of noise, but this is usually due to excitement or anxiety. For this reason, it’s important to ensure that your Schnauzer is properly trained and socialized in order to keep them happy and healthy.

Overall, they are an excellent choice for those looking for an intelligent and loyal companion. With the right training and socialization, this breed can make an excellent addition to any family.The AKC has the miniature variety ranked as 17th most popular dog in 2022, the giant variety as the 58th, and the standard variety as the 94th.

Schnauzer Information

  • Average Height: 17.5-19.5 inches
  • Average Length: 12-27 inches long depending on the size variety
  • Average Weight: 30-50 pounds depending on the size variety
  • Coat Type: Wiry and distinctive. Double-coated.
  • Coat Appearance: Dense, wiry, and straight
  • Coat Colors: Black, gray, white, salt and pepper, and silver
  • Grooming Needs: Moderate
  • Shedding: low
  • Brushing Requirements: Twice a week
  • Sensitive to Touch: Yes
  • Excessive Barking: Moderate
  • Tolerance to Heat and Cold: Yes
  • Good Pet: Yes
  • Safe with Children: Yes
  • Good with Other Dogs: Yes
  • Good with Other Pets: Yes
  • Suitable for life in an Apartment: Yes
  • Good for Less Experienced Pet Owners: Yes
  • Training: Very intelligent and can learn commands quickly
  • Exercise Needs: Highly
  • Weight Gain: High
  • Health Concerns: Hip dysplasia, pancreatitis, diabetes, allergies, cataracts 
  • Allergies: Yes
  • Life Span: 12 to 17 years

Physical Appearance of a Schnauzer

The Schnauzer is a medium-sized dog that can range from miniature to giant. All sizes share similar physical characteristics. They have a wiry double coat, with an outer layer that is coarse and straight and an inner layer that is softer. The coat color is most commonly black or salt and pepper but can also be gray, white, or silver. The Schnauzer’s most distinctive feature is its mustache-like facial hair, which gives the breed a unique look.

The Schnauzer has a muscular body with a deep chest and well-defined legs. This breed typically weighs between 11 and 85 pounds depending on size, and stands between 12 and 27 inches tall.

Temperament of a Schnauzer

The Schnauzer is an intelligent and loyal breed that loves to be a part of a family. They are usually very affectionate with their owners, but can also be independent when needed. This breed is known for its alert and watchful nature, making it a great guard dog. Schnauzers are also highly trainable and can learn commands quickly with consistent training.

Schnauzers are highly energetic and need plenty of exercise to stay healthy and happy. This breed is not typically aggressive, but can be vocal with their owners. Schnauzers love to please their owners and respond well to positive reinforcement during training. They are also quite active and enjoy participating in agility or obedience competitions.

This breed is known for its strong watchdog abilities, making them ideal for families with small children. The Schnauzer is usually quite friendly with other animals, and can make a great addition to any household.

Training a Schnauzer

Training a Schnauzer is an important part of owning this breed. Schnauzers are highly intelligent and respond best to positive reinforcement. The most effective way to train a Schnauzer is by using reward-based methods such as food rewards, praise, and playtime. Consistency is key when training a Schnauzer, so it’s important to keep the training sessions short and regular.

Schnauzers are very sensitive to their owners’ emotions, and it’s important to remain patient and positive during training sessions. This breed is eager to please its owners and can learn commands quickly with practice. It’s important to establish a routine of potty training for the Schnauzer as early as possible. This breed also responds well to obedience classes, which can help teach the Schnauzer proper socialization skills.

Obedience Training Classes

Obedience training classes are a great way to help your dog learn some basic instructions. Obedience training isn’t just for your dog, it also helps owners learn to teach and control their new dog. These classes can teach you as an owner the best ways to teach your puppy. The amount of time you spend trying to stop your Schnauzer barking at strangers can be a lot less if you know the best way to teach them.

Early Socialization Training

Early socialization training can help your Schnauzer become more comfortable around people and other animals. This should be done as early as possible, ideally before they’re six months old. Socialization can involve introducing your dog to different people, animals, environments, and noises in a positive way. It’s important that the environment is one that the pup finds comfortable and safe, so they can learn to associate these new experiences with positive feelings. 

Socialization should be done gradually and in a controlled way to ensure that the pup is not overwhelmed. With early socialization, your Schnauzer will be better adjusted and more comfortable around people and other animals.

Kennel Training

Kennel training works very well with Schnauzers. If done right they will see the kennel as their safe space, and a place that they can relax and sleep. Most dogs enjoy small spaces and will find a sense of security while inside it. Getting them comfortable in a kennel early on will save you a lot of headaches. You know that they can’t get into trouble while you’re sleeping or at work if they’re in their kennel. It’s also a great place for them to dry off after they come into the house when it’s wet outside.

Clicker Training

They need to be trained to understand what is good behavior and what is not OK. Clicker training will help them understand what is good behavior. Clicker training has you make a noise with the clicker when the desired action is done. In addition to the click you’ll give them a treat, at least while you train them. Every time your dog hears the click they’ll know they did a good job and you are happy.

If your dog misbehaves, try not to punish them because it can discourage them. Instead, remember the clicker training and divert their attention to something else. You might have to do this several times to help your dog understand that they are not supposed to do the undesired activities.

Their Compatibility with Children

Schnauzers are known for their incredible compatibility with children, making them a great family pet. They are loyal and affectionate companions, and they will bond deeply to their owners. Schnauzers thrive in cooler climates, as they can be sensitive to heat. It’s important to give them plenty of exercise and attention, as they do not do well when left alone for long periods of time. They can also be a bit stubborn, so it’s important to use consistent and positive obedience training to help keep them in line. The Schnauzer is an intelligent breed that loves spending time with their owners, making them a great family pet.

Best Climate for a Schnauzer

Schnauzers are a dog breed that thrive in cooler climates. Their thick double coats make them well-suited for colder temperatures, while they can be prone to overheating in warmer climates. When choosing a climate for your Schnauzer, look for areas with more temperate weather. Areas with mild summers and cold winters are ideal for this breed, as they will not be exposed to extreme temperatures. It’s important to make sure your Schnauzer has plenty of shade and water when outdoors, as they can easily become overheated.

The Attention a Schnauzer Needs

They’re a loving breed that thrives on attention and affection. This breed is eager to please their family and loves spending time with them. Schnauzers need both physical and mental stimulation in order to stay healthy and happy. Providing your Schnauzer with plenty of walks, playtime, and obedience training will help keep them stimulated and content. It’s also important to make sure your Schnauzer receives plenty of affection and attention from their owners. This breed loves spending time with their families, so it’s important to make sure they receive the love and care they need.

Health Issues

an xray of the hips of a pet with hip dysplasia

Schnauzers are generally a healthy breed, but there are some health issues that they can be prone to. These include hip dysplasia, eye problems, diabetes, and skin allergies. Regular vet checkups are important to help detect any potential health problems early on. It’s also important to ensure that your Schnauzer’s diet is balanced and full of nutritious food. Proper exercise and mental stimulation are also important for keeping your Schnauzer healthy and happy.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a hereditary problem that can make walking, getting up or laying down difficult and painful. When a dog has hip dysplasia, their hip socket fails to fully cover the ball portion of their thigh bone. The looseness between the hip and leg bone leads to partial or complete dislocation of their hip joint and can cause pain and stiffness. In most cases, medication and exercise restrictions are advised by the vet. Over time the condition could become severe enough that your vet might recommend surgery to correct it.

Canine Diabetes

Diabetes is a disorder that affects a dog’s body to produce and regulate insulin. It occurs when their pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when cells don’t respond correctly to the insulin produced. The insulin resistance can lead to an increase in the amount of glucose, or sugar, in your dog’s blood.

Signs of diabetes are an increased thirst, frequent urination, increased appetite, weight loss, and lethargy. If you notice any of these signs in your dog, it’s important to take them to the veterinarian for diagnosis and treatment.

Canine Pancreatitis

Diagnosis of canine pancreatitis.

Pancreatitis is a common condition that can affect all dog breeds. This disorder occurs when the pancreas becomes inflamed and swollen, leading to abdominal discomfort and digestive problems. The exact cause of pancreatitis is unknown, but it’s believed to be linked to diet, genetics, and environmental factors such as stress or exposure to toxins.

Symptoms of Canine Pancreatitis

The most common symptoms of pancreatitis include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Appetite loss
  • Lethargy

These symptoms can vary in severity depending on the underlying cause. In more severe cases, a dog can have fever, shock, and even seizures.


Allergies are a common problem for dogs, just like humans. Dogs can have food allergies, environmental allergens such as pollen and dust mites, and even flea bites. Allergies can cause a variety of symptoms in dogs, including itchy skin, sneezing, coughing, and eye discharge.

Symptoms of Allergies

The most common symptom of dog allergies is itchy skin. Dogs can scratch, lick, or chew at their skin to try and relieve the itching. Other symptoms include:

  • Sneezing
  • Coughing
  • Eye discharge

Some dogs might also have hair loss or bald patches due to excessive scratching or licking.


Cataracts are a common eye condition that can cause vision loss and blindness. Cataracts occur when the lens in an eye becomes cloudy or opaque, blocking light from passing through to the retina. This can lead to decreased vision, or even complete blindness.

There are several causes of cataracts, including genetics, diabetes, trauma, and certain medications.

Cataracts can be a serious condition, but with proper treatment, your dog can regain their vision and live a happy life.

Bathing, Coat, and Cleaning

Schnauzers need regular baths in order to keep their coats clean and healthy. When bathing a Schnauzer, it’s important to use a mild shampoo that is specifically designed for dogs. Make sure to brush out any mats or tangles before and after bathing your dog. It’s also important to rinse all of the soap out of their coat thoroughly.

Schnauzers have a thick double coat that needs regular brushing and grooming. It’s important to brush their coat at least once a week in order to remove dirt, debris, and tangles. Regular trimming around the eyes, feet, and ears is also important for keeping their coat looking nice.

Cleaning your s chnauzer’s ears and teeth is also important for their health. Ears should be checked regularly for infections, and excess wax should be removed with a cotton ball. Teeth should also be brushed at least once a week in order to prevent plaque build-up and gum disease.

Feeding A Schnauzer

A close up of a pile of dog food.

Feeding a Schnauzer is an important part of keeping them healthy. It’s important to feed them a balanced diet that includes proteins, fats, carbohydrates, and essential vitamins and minerals. Fresh meats such as chicken, beef, or fish are recommended for the protein source in their diet. Fruits and vegetables can also be offered as treats or snacks. Calcium-rich foods such as cheese, yogurt, and eggs should also be included in their diet. Avoid feeding your Schnauzer table scraps or processed foods, as these can cause digestive issues.

Related Questions:

What Type of Climate is Best for a Schnauzer?

The best climate for a Schnauzer is one that has more temperate weather, with mild summers and cold winters. Areas with extreme temperatures should be avoided as they can cause your Schnauzer to overheat or become too cold.

How Much Attention Does a Schnauzer Need?

Schnauzers need both physical and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy. Providing your Schnauzer with plenty of walks, playtime, and obedience training is important for their overall health. They also need lots of affection and attention from their owners in order to thrive.