Avian Papilloma

Avian papilloma is a viral infection that affects birds and can cause tumors to form on their skin or their organs. It’s caused by a DNA virus called Avipoxvirus, which belongs to the Poxviridae family. The virus is highly contagious, and it can spread quickly throughout an aviary. 

In most cases, the infection is benign and won’t cause serious health problems for your bird. In some cases, tumors can develop and cause ulceration or other complications.

Symptoms of Avian Papilloma

Papilloma can cause several different types of lesions to appear on a bird’s skin or organs. These can include:

  • Small wart-like growths
  • Clusters of bumps
  • Raised scabs
  • Soft tumors

In some cases, the virus can also cause inflammation, itching, and pain in the affected area.

Diagnosing Avian Papilloma

Papilloma is typically diagnosed through a physical examination. Your veterinarian might also perform a skin or tissue biopsy to confirm the diagnosis and rule out other causes of the lesions. In some cases, additional tests such as blood work or radiographs can be needed to evaluate your bird’s general health.

Stages of Avian Papilloma

Papilloma can be split into three stages:

Stage 1

The infected area is small and typically only contains a few wart-like growths.

Stage 2

The affected area has grown larger, with more bumps and raised scabs.

Stage 3

Large tumors have developed, which may cause ulceration or other complications.

Treating Avian Papilloma

Avian papilloma can be treated with antiviral medications and topical creams. In some cases, surgery will be necessary to remove tumors or lesions. It’s also important to keep your bird in a clean environment, because the virus can spread quickly through contaminated surfaces or water.

Preventing Avian Papilloma

Avian papilloma can be prevented by keeping your bird in a clean environment and avoiding contact with other birds that might also have the virus. Vaccines are also available to help protect against the virus. It’s important to discuss these options with your veterinarian.