Reptile Scratched Eye Syndrome, or RES, is an eye condition that can occur in some reptile species. It occurs when the eyes become scratched and infected due to a traumatic event such as rubbing against something sharp, being hit by a moving object, or even fighting with another animal. Symptoms of RES include redness and eye swelling, discharge from the eye, squinting, and in severe cases, corneal ulceration.
RES can be treated with antibiotics or antiviral medications. It’s recommended that owners regularly check their reptile’s eyes for any signs of infection or injury. If you think that it’s RES, it’s important to get immediate veterinary care to prevent further damage to their eye. Treatment can include topical medications, oral antibiotics, ointments, and topical steroids. In some cases, surgery could be necessary to repair the damage caused by RES.
Symptoms of Reptile Scratched Eye Syndrome
- Redness and eye swelling
- Eye discharge
- Corneal ulceration (in severe cases)
Diagnosing Reptile Scratched Eye Syndrome
Diagnosing RES requires a physical examination of the reptile’s eyes and possibly, a sample of the discharge for laboratory analysis. The veterinarian might also use special equipment, such as an ophthalmoscope, to look into the eye for signs of infection or damage.
Stages of Reptile Scratched Eye Syndrome
Mild RSES is associated with mild redness and eye swelling, as well as a small amount of discharge.
Moderate RES is associated with more severe redness and eye swelling, as well as a greater amount of discharge. Cornea ulceration could also be visible at this stage.
Severe RES is associated with severe redness and eye swelling, as well as a large amount of discharge. Cornea ulceration could also be present at this stage.
Treating Reptile Scratched Eye Syndrome
Treatment for RES can involve topical medications, oral antibiotics, ointments, and topical steroids. In some cases, surgery might be necessary to repair the damage caused by RES. It’s important to get immediate veterinary care if you think that your pet has RES.
Preventing Reptile Scratched Eye Syndrome
To prevent RES, it’s important to regularly inspect your reptile’s eyes for any signs of infection or damage. It’s also important to give your pet a clean and safe environment, because sharp objects and debris can cause scratches and injuries to their eyes.