Collies are very intelligent and loyal dog breeds. Their herding instinct is strong, making them well-suited for activities like agility and obedience. They are also very good family pets, as they tend to form strong bonds with their owners. Collies have long, thick coats that are many different colors and patterns. They usually need to be groomed regularly to keep their coats in good condition. Collies are active dogs, needing regular exercise and stimulation to stay healthy and happy. They also need plenty of love and attention from their owners, because they crave human companionship.

Collie owners benefit from their dogs’ willingness and eagerness to please. Collies are able to learn many commands, making them a great option for first-time owners or those looking for an obedient pet. Collies also enjoy activities like jogging, hiking, and swimming with their owners as part of their exercise routine.

Collies can be prone to certain health problems, such as hip dysplasia and eye conditions. It’s important to get a pup from a responsible breeder who tests their dogs for these conditions before breeding them. Regular veterinary checkups are also necessary, as well as providing mental and physical stimulation to keep them in good condition.

Collies are highly intelligent and make excellent companions. They can be taught to perform tricks, respond to verbal commands, and are eager to please their owners. These qualities make them ideal for first-time dog owners or those looking for a loyal pet.

Collies need regular exercise and mental stimulation in order to stay healthy and happy. They also need plenty of love and attention from their owners, because they crave human companionship. With proper care, Collies can make loyal and loving pets for years to come.

The AKC lists more than 30 Collie breeds some of them are: English Shepherd, Border Collie, Sheltie, Australian Shepherd, Japanese Spitz, and
Australian Cattle Dogs.

Collie Information

  • Average Height: 22-26 inches
  • Average Length: 29-34 inches
  • Average Weight: 50-75 pounds
  • Coat Type: Double coat, rough, smooth
  • Coat Appearance: Medium to long length coat
  • Coat Colors: Mixes of black, brown, tan, and white, blue merle, blue merle & white, sable
  • Grooming Needs: Regulare
  • Shedding: Mid-level shedding
  • Brushing Requirements: Weekly brushing and monthly bathing
  • Sensitive to Touch: Yes
  • Excessive Barking: Yes
  • Tolerance to Heat and Cold: Moderate
  • Good Pet: Yes
  • Safe with Children: Yes
  • Good with Other Dogs: Yes
  • Good with Other Pets: Yes
  • Suitable for life in an Apartment: Yes
  • Good for Less Experienced Pet Owners: No
  • Training: Easy to train
  • Exercise Needs: High
  • Weight Gain: Yes
  • Health Concerns: Seizures, Central Progressive Retinal Apathy (CPRA), Collie Eye Anomaly, Grey Collie Syndrome (Cyclic Neutropenia), Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD), Hip Dysplasia
  • Allergies: Yes
  • Average Life Span: 10-14 years

Physical Appearance of Collies

Collies are strong and graceful-looking dogs. They have a muscular body with long legs and a tail that is usually carried low or curled up on their back. Their head is proportionally large compared to their body size, and their ears are cropped short or left natural. The coat of a Collie is medium to long in length, and can be many combinations of colors, including black, brown, tan, and white. They also have a thick undercoat that helps keep them warm during cold weather.

Temperament of Collies

Collies are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and gentleness. They have an innate herding instinct, which can be put to good use in activities like agility and obedience training. These dogs are eager to please their owners and form strong bonds with them. Collies are usually very friendly towards other people or animals, although they tend to bark at strangers if not properly socialized. They are highly trainable and tend to pick up commands quickly.

Training a Collie

Collies are very intelligent and eager to please, making them easy to train. They can learn a variety of commands and tricks, making them versatile pets. It’s important to be consistent with training methods and provide positive reinforcement when teaching your Collie new commands or tricks. First-time owners might want to consider enrolling their pup in obedience classes or getting the help of a professional trainer for guidance.

Obedience Training Classes

Obedience training classes are a great way to help your dog learn some basic instructions. Obedience training isn’t just for your dog, it also helps owners learn to teach and control their new dog. These classes can teach you as an owner the best ways to teach your puppy. The amount of time you spend trying to stop your Collie barking at strangers can be a lot less if you know the best way to teach them.

Early Socialization Training

Early socialization training can help your Collie become more comfortable around people and other animals. This should be done as early as possible, ideally before they’re six months old. Socialization can involve introducing your dog to different people, animals, environments, and noises in a positive way. It’s important that the environment is one that the pup finds comfortable and safe, so they can learn to associate these new experiences with positive feelings. 

Socialization should be done gradually and in a controlled way to ensure that the pup is not overwhelmed. With early socialization, your Collie will be better adjusted and more comfortable around people and other animals.

Kennel Training

Kennel training works very well with Collie. If done right they will see the kennel as their safe space, and a place that they can relax and sleep. Most dogs enjoy small spaces and will find a sense of security while inside it. Getting them comfortable in a kennel early on will save you a lot of headaches. You know that they can’t get into trouble while you’re sleeping or at work if they’re in their kennel. It’s also a great place for them to dry off after they come into the house when it’s wet outside.

Clicker Training

Collies need to be trained to understand what is good behavior and what is not OK. Clicker training will help them understand what is good behavior. Clicker training has you make a noise with the clicker when the desired action is done. In addition to the click you’ll give them a treat, at least while you train them. Every time your dog hears the click they’ll know they did a good job and you are happy.

If your dog misbehaves, try not to punish them because it can discourage them. Instead, remember the clicker training and divert their attention to something else. You might have to do this several times to help your dog understand that they are not supposed to do the undesired activities.

Their Compatibility with Children

Collies are generally good dogs to be around children, due to their gentle nature and intelligence. They are usually patient and tolerant of the ways small children can behave, although it’s important to remember that types of Collies have different levels of tolerance. It’s important to properly socialize your Collie from a young age so they can learn how to behave around kids. Early socialization and obedience training can help ensure that your pup grows up to be a well-behaved companion.

Best Climate for a Collies

Collies are dogs that do best in temperate climates. They have a thick double coat which helps them regulate their body temperature and keep them warm during cold weather, while also keeping them cool during hot weather. While they can tolerate extreme temperatures for short periods of time, it’s important to make sure that they have plenty of shade and water when the temperature rises in order to keep them from overheating.

The Attention a Collies Needs

Collies are affectionate dogs and enjoy spending time with their family. They thrive on companionship and love to be involved in activities with their families. Collies do not typically do well if left alone for extended periods of time. They can become bored or anxious. To ensure that your Collie is happy and healthy, giving them plenty of attention and exercise is important. Taking them on walks and giving them toys or puzzles to play with can help keep their minds active and their spirits high.

Health Issues

Collies, like other breeds, can be prone to certain health issues. Common health issues for Collies include hip dysplasia, eye problems, and skin allergies. It’s important to familiarize yourself with all potential health risks associated with the breed you want prior to adoption, because early detection and treatment can help prevent further complications. Be sure to consult your veterinarian for regular check-ups in order to monitor your pup’s health and catch any potential issues early.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a hereditary problem that can make walking, getting up or laying down difficult and painful. When a dog has hip dysplasia, their hip socket fails to fully cover the ball portion of their thigh bone. The looseness between the hip and leg bone leads to partial or complete dislocation of their hip joint and can cause pain and stiffness. In most cases, medication and exercise restrictions are advised by the vet. Over time the condition could become severe enough that your vet might recommend surgery to correct it.

Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA)

Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA) is a hereditary eye disorder that affects many dog breeds, but particularly Collies and Shetland Sheepdogs. The condition is caused by a genetic mutation that affects the development of their eye, resulting in abnormalities in their retina, choroid, and sclera. Diagnosing CEA can be done through an ophthalmologic exam, which can include a fundus examination, electroretinography (ERG), or an ultrasound.

CEA is a serious condition that can cause blindness, and it’s important to have your dog examined by a veterinarian if you think that they might be affected. Early diagnosis and treatment are key to preserving their vision and preventing further damage.

Canine Seizures

A person holding a clipboard with a diagnosis written on it.

Canine seizures can be a frightening experience for owners and their dogs. Unfortunately, seizures are quite common among many dog breeds and can occur for a variety of reasons. Seizures can range from mild to severe and can last anywhere from a few seconds to several minutes. In order to understand seizures, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the causes, symptoms, treatments, and prevention techniques.

Common causes of seizures include genetic predisposition, ingesting toxins or poisons, head trauma, brain tumors or lesions, neurological diseases such as epilepsy or encephalitis, metabolic issues such as liver failure or kidney disease, and electrolyte imbalances.

Symptoms of Canine Seizures

Symptoms of seizures vary from dog to dog, but can include:

  • Twitching
  • Shaking or tremors
  • Losing consciousness or awareness
  • Drooling
  • Frothing at the mouth
  • Confusion or disorientation
  • Uncontrolled muscle spasms and movements
  • Changes in their heart rate or breathing patterns
  • Incontinence

It’s important to note that these symptoms might not always indicate a seizure; they could be indicative of other medical conditions as well. If you believe your dog is having a seizure, it’s important to get immediate veterinary attention.


A person is petting a dog.

Allergies are a common problem for dogs, just like humans. Dogs can have food allergies, environmental allergens such as pollen and dust mites, and even flea bites. Allergies can cause a variety of symptoms in dogs, including itchy skin, sneezing, coughing, and eye discharge.

Symptoms of Allergies

The most common symptom of dog allergies is itchy skin. Dogs can scratch, lick, or chew at their skin to try and relieve the itching. Other symptoms include:

  • Sneezing
  • Coughing
  • Eye discharge

Some dogs might also have hair loss or bald patches due to excessive scratching or licking.

Bathing, Coat, and Cleaning

Collies have a thick double coat which needs regular grooming. It’s important to brush their coat on a weekly basis in order to remove any dirt and debris that might have accumulated. Bathing should be done as needed, but never more than once a week because too much shampooing can strip away the natural oils from their coat. To maintain cleanliness in between baths, spot cleaning with a damp cloth can help remove any dirt or debris.

Feeding A Collie

Feeding your Collie is an important part of keeping them healthy and happy. It’s recommended that you feed them a high-quality diet that provides all the nutrients needed for growth and maintenance. A good rule of thumb is to provide your pup with 1/2 cup of food per 20 pounds of body weight, divided into two meals a day. Make sure that there is always  plenty of fresh water for your Collie as well.

Related Questions:

Are Collies easy to train?

Yes, Collies are generally known to be an intelligent and trainable breed. Clicker training is a great way to teach your Collie basic commands and tricks. It is important to remember that all dogs learn differently, so it is important to be patient and consistent with their training. Additionally, providing positive reinforcement for good behavior can help make training sessions more enjoyable for both you and your pup.

Are Collies good with other pets?

Collies are typically friendly and social with other animals, so long as they have been properly socialized from a young age. It is important to ensure that any introductions between your pup and any other pets in the house are done slowly and carefully. Additionally, it is important to provide plenty of supervision when your Collie.