The Dachshund, otherwise known as the “hot dog,” is a popular small hound breed that has become a beloved family companion. They have been around since the 1600s and are named after their elongated body shape, which is similar to a badger’s. Dachshunds can be one of two sizes: standard and miniature. They can have three coat types: smooth, long, and wire-haired.

Dachshunds are intelligent, loyal and affectionate dogs that thrive in an environment with lots of love and attention. They can be great family pets, but need patience when training due to their stubborn nature. When it comes to exercise, Dachshunds don’t need a lot; a few short walks or play times each day should suffice. Owners should also be aware that their breed is prone to back problems. Be careful not to over-exert them.

Dachshunds make great companions and can bring a lot of joy into your home. They are also popular show dogs and excel in obedience trials. With their long, low body shape and loyal personality, Dachshunds are sure to capture your heart!

The AKC has them ranked as the 9th most popular dog of 2022.

Dachshund Information

  • Average Height: 5-9 inches
  • Average Length: 8-9 inches
  • Average Weight: 11-32 pounds
  • Coat Type: Smooth, wirehaired, and longhaired
  • Coat Appearance: From very short to long
  • Coat Colors: Red, black and tan, chocolate, wild boar, cream, blue and fawn
  • Grooming Needs: Moderate
  • Shedding: Shed moderately all year
  • Brushing Requirements: Depending on the coat type
  • Sensitive to Touch: Yes
  • Excessive Barking: High
  • Tolerance to Heat and Cold: No
  • Good Pet: Yes
  • Safe with Children: Yes
  • Good with Other Dogs: Yes
  • Good with Other Pets: Yes
  • Suitable for life in an Apartment: Yes
  • Good for Less Experienced Pet Owners: Yes
  • Training: Often stubborn, so they can be a challenge to train
  • Exercise Needs: Needs regular exercise
  • Weight Gain: High
  • Health Concerns: Intervertebral disc disease and obesity
  • Allergies: Yes
  • Life Span: 12 to 16 years

Physical Appearance of a Daschund

Dachshunds are known for their long, low body shape and short legs. They have big ears that stand up, alert eyes, and a tail that is usually curled over its back. Their fur can range from very short to medium length depending on the coat type, and can be a solid color or a combination of two or three colors. The most common coat types are smooth, long and wire-haired. Despite their small size, Dachshunds have big personalities and are known to be fearless, loyal and friendly dogs.

Temperament of a Dachshund

The temperament of a Dachshund is full of life and adventure. They are eager to please their family and will often have an independent spirit in pursuit of what they want. Dachshunds are loyal and devoted to their families, forming strong bonds with their owners over time. They can be quite playful and enjoy activities like chasing balls or going on walks. With proper training, Dachshunds are well-behaved and social, making them great family pets.

Training a Dachshund

Training a dachshund is important for their development. Dachshunds tend to be stubborn and independent, so they need patience and consistency in order to learn how to behave properly. It’s important to start training your Dachshund as early as possible so they can learn basic commands like sit, stay, come, and down. Positive reinforcement is key when it comes to training your pup. Consistency and repetition are essential for reinforcing good behavior and discouraging bad habits. Dachshunds can also benefit from obedience classes, which will help them become well-mannered and socialized dogs.

Obedience Training Classes

Obedience training classes are a great way to help your dog learn some basic instructions. Obedience training isn’t just for your dog, it also helps owners learn to teach and control their new dog. These classes can teach you as an owner the best ways to teach your puppy. The amount of time you spend trying to stop your Dachshund barking at strangers can be a lot less if you know the best way to teach them.

Early Socialization Training

Early socialization training can help your Dachshund become more comfortable around people and other animals. This should be done as early as possible, ideally before they’re six months old. Socialization can involve introducing your dog to different people, animals, environments, and noises in a positive way. It’s important that the environment is one that the pup finds comfortable and safe, so they can learn to associate these new experiences with positive feelings. 

Socialization should be done gradually and in a controlled way to ensure that the pup is not overwhelmed. With early socialization, your Dachshund will be better adjusted and more comfortable around people and other animals.

Kennel Training

Kennel training works very well with Dachshunds. If done right they will see the kennel as their safe space, and a place that they can relax and sleep. Most dogs enjoy small spaces and will find a sense of security while inside it. Getting them comfortable in a kennel early on will save you a lot of headaches. You know that they can’t get into trouble while you’re sleeping or at work if they’re in their kennel. It’s also a great place for them to dry off after they come into the house when it’s wet outside.

Clicker Training

They need to be trained to understand what is good behavior and what is not OK. Clicker training will help them understand what is good behavior. Clicker training has you make a noise with the clicker when the desired action is done. In addition to the click you’ll give them a treat, at least while you train them. Every time your dog hears the click they’ll know they did a good job and you are happy.

If your dog misbehaves, try not to punish them because it can discourage them. Instead, remember the clicker training and divert their attention to something else. You might have to do this several times to help your dog understand that they are not supposed to do the undesired activities.

Their Compatibility with Children

Dachshunds are typically very friendly and outgoing dogs, so they do well with children. However, due to their small size and active nature, it’s important to ensure that any interaction between your Dachshund and young children is supervised at all times. This will help prevent any accidents such as excessive rough play or accidental injury. With proper supervision, Dachshunds can be a lot of fun and great companions for children.

Best Climate for a Daschund

Dachshunds are an adaptable breed and typically do best in moderate climates. Although dachshunds have a thick coat of fur, they can become overheated during the summer months and should be monitored closely on hot days. In colder months, their coat gives adequate protection from cold weather. Dachshunds make great companions for both warm and cool climates.

The Attention a Daschund Needs

Dachshunds are a loving and loyal breed, and they thrive with lots of attention from their owners. They make great family companions, as they love playing with children and other pets. Dachshunds need at least 30 minutes of exercise every day to stay healthy and happy, and it’s important to give them enough stimulation. Grooming is also important for keeping their coat healthy and free of matting. Dachshunds need to be brushed daily to help maintain their coat, as well as occasional baths.

Health Issues

Dachshunds are generally healthy dogs, but they can be prone to certain health issues. These include intervertebral disc disease, epilepsy, obesity, and allergies. They can be susceptible to eye problems such as cataracts or glaucoma. It’s important to keep an eye on your pup’s health and get veterinary assistance if any problems arise. Regular exercise and a healthy diet can help prevent many of these health issues.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD)

Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) is a common disease found in dogs with flat backs. It’s a degenerative disease that degrades your dog’s spinal cord and can cause a number of painful mobility issues. IVDD is similar to a ruptured, slipped, bulging or herniated disk in a person. 

This happens when the jelly-like cushion between vertebrae slips, resulting in the disc pressing on the spinal cord. If your dog suddenly has difficulty jumping or moving around, it could be because of IVDD. Sometimes your dog will develop an arched back, cry or refuse to eat due to pain. If that’s the case, you should call your vet. 

Feeding them a moderate amount of food and keeping their weight controlled can help lower the chances that your dog will have this problem.


Obesity is a growing problem in the United States. It’s estimated that up to 40% of dogs in the US are overweight or obese. Obesity can lead to a number of health problems, including joint pain, heart disease, and diabetes.

The most common cause of obesity is overfeeding. Dogs need a balanced diet with enough protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals. If a dog is fed too much, or given treats too often, they can become overweight.

In addition to overfeeding, not enough exercise can also contribute to obesity. Dogs need regular exercise in order to stay healthy and fit. Taking your dog for a walk or playing fetch are great ways to get them moving and burning calories. Having your dog running around is also great for their mental health.

If you think your dog might be overweight, it’s important to talk to your veterinarian. They can help you create a diet and exercise plan that is tailored to your dog’s individual needs. With the right diet and exercise plan, you can help your dog achieve a healthy weight and live a long, happy life.

A close up of a bowl of dog food.

Bathing, Coat, and Cleaning

Dachshunds should be bathed every few months, but if they get particularly dirty or smelly in between baths, they can be given a quick sponge bath. It’s important to use a shampoo designed specifically for dogs in order to prevent skin irritation. Dachshunds also need regular brushing and combing to help keep their coats healthy and free of tangles. Regularly cleaning their ears and teeth are important to prevent any infections or dental problems.

Feeding A Dachshund

Dachshunds need a well-balanced diet to stay healthy. They should be fed two or three times per day, depending on their age and activity level. It’s important to feed your pup a diet that is appropriate for their breed size and age. A mixture of wet and dry food is recommended for optimal nutrition. Freshwater should always be available for them to drink, as well.

Related Questions:

Do Dachshunds Need a Lot of Exercise?

Not a lot. Dachshunds need at least 30 minutes of exercise each day to stay healthy and happy. A variety of physical activities such as walks, jogs, runs, and playtime should be included in their daily routine. It’s also important for Dachshunds to get mental stimulation, and giving them toys or puzzles to play with is a great way to keep them entertained and engaged.

Are Dachshunds Easy to Train?

Dachshunds are smart, loyal, and eager to please their owners, making them relatively easy to train. These dogs can also be independent and stubborn, so patience and consistency are key when training them. It’s important to use positive reinforcement when teaching your pup new commands or tricks. Treats, toys, and praise are great ways to encourage your pup to learn.