Rabbit Mastitis

A stethoscope sits on top of a medical report that reads Rabbit Mastitis

Rabbit mastitis, also known as blue breasts, is a type of bacterial infection found in small mammals, including squirrels, raccoons, and rabbits. This condition is caused by an inflammatory reaction to the bacteria Staphylococcus pseudintermedius. The bacteria can cause swelling and discoloration of the mammary glands. Symptoms can include redness and tenderness around the nipples, as well as a yellowish-green discharge from the nipples.

In most cases, mastitis can be treated with antibiotics and supportive care. The antibiotics will help to reduce the swelling and inflammation caused by the infection, while supportive care can consist of warm compresses and rest. In severe cases, surgery will be needed to remove affected tissue.

If you think that your pet has mastitis, it’s important to get veterinary care as soon as possible. Early diagnosis and treatment are key to preventing further complications. Once treatment is started, it’s important to follow the vet’s instructions and return for follow-up appointments to make sure the infection has been eliminated completely.

Symptoms of Rabbit Mastitis

  • Redness and tenderness around their nipples
  • Yellowish-green discharge from their nipples
  • Mammary glands swelling 
  • Pain when touched or milked
  • Fever and lethargy
  • Appetite loss

Diagnosing Rabbit Mastitis

Your veterinarian will perform a physical examination and take a detailed history of your pet’s symptoms. Depending on the severity of the condition, they might recommend additional tests such as blood work, x-rays, or ultrasounds to determine the cause of the infection. The vet might also take swabs or tissue samples from the affected area for further testing in a laboratory.

Stages of Rabbit Mastitis

Acute Stage:

The initial stage is associated with a sudden onset of redness, tenderness, and swelling of the mammary glands as well as possible yellowish-green discharge from their nipples.

Subacute Stage:

This stage is associated with gradual improvement in symptoms but can still persist for several weeks or months.

Chronic Stage:

The chronic stage is associated with ongoing mammary gland inflammation and swelling, which can eventually lead to permanent damage.

Treating Rabbit Mastitis

Treating mastitis depends on the severity of the condition. In most cases, antibiotics are prescribed to reduce inflammation and swelling. Supportive care such as warm compresses and rest will also be recommended. In severe cases, surgery will be necessary to remove affected tissue. It’s important to follow your veterinarian’s instructions and return for follow-up appointments until the infection has been eliminated completely.

Preventing Rabbit Mastitis

The best way to prevent Rabbit mastitis is to keep your pet’s environment clean and free from any type of bacteria. It’s also important to ensure that your pet’s diet is balanced and gives them the necessary nutrients they need. If you think that your pet might have a bacterial infection, it’s important to get veterinary care as soon as possible in order to prevent further complications.